Title, body and other fields

Virtually any node (page) has its Title and Body. The title of this node is "Title, body and other fields". It is displayed with large bold letters at the top of the page and it is also the title of your browser window. In some content types Titles are also used to automatically construct URLs of the pages. Each node should have its title, you cannot leave this field empty.


Editing titles is as easy as entering the necessary wording into the appropriate window. It is recommended to give each node short, clear and descriptive title.


The Body is the holder of node's main text which usually contains most of information. It might have different names for different content types (e.g. Academic and Professional Achievements for Profiles) so that it is more clear what exactly should be written within this particular Content type.

Text editing follows standard rules applicable for any other conventional applications (e.g. MsWord). Ctrl-XCTRL-C and CTRL-V work for cutting, copying and pasting. The body text can be easily and intuitively formatted using simple format toolbar at the top of editing window (as in MsWord). You can make the text bold or italic, create

  • bulleted or
  1. numbered lists,

insert hyperlinks (links to other webpages)

and apply various styles, e.g.

Heading 4

or Preformatted

For your convinience functions of buttons in formatting toolbar are summarized below.

Adding links

A link is added by highlighting a word or words of text that you want to be linked, and second, pressing the link button. You must highlight text first (by selecting these words with mouse) to insert link.

You have to paste or type in the link in the "Link URL" field indicated above.

There are two link types: external and internal. For an external (non-CEU link) you have to paste the FULL link including the http:// . For a link to webpages within your own CEU website, paste in ONLY the portion of the link after the main domain, i.e.:

External link

BAD: article-2008-09.shtml

GOOD: http://www.nytimes.com/article-2008-09.shtml

CEU Link

BAD: http://www.ceu.edu/example/link/final

GOOD: /node/ID

Pressing the HTML button allows direct editing of HTML code of your page (you need special skills for doing that! Please ).

Pressing Paste as Plain Text button is very useful in case you are copying/pasting text from Word Processors or other Webpages and do not want any formating from these sources to be transferred to your page.

Embed Videos

Create a Table

Using the WYSIWYG editor - extended format toolbar you can also create a table


Finally, the last button which is called Separate the body and the teaser of this content requires a bit of explanation. Some pages of this Website display many nodes at the same time (e.g. all recent News from a particular Department). In order to save space, the nodes are not displayed in full, but rather only their beginning, so called Teasers. The system can automatically select the text to be placed into teaser for a particular page (e.g. the first few sentences), but you can also control this selection by indicating explicitly where the Teaser ends.

For some displays teasers are not enough and therefore a special field called Short Description is used to summarize the content. For example, the directory of CEU Research Centers uses specially entered short descriptions of each center. Similarly, Profiles have Short Biographies which are displayed in the Faculty and Staff Directory. When you click on the Profile (or Center) link these short descriptions are not visible any longer, they are replaced by full description (Body) of the node.

The rules for editing Short Descriptions are exactly the same as for editing Body, except that the length of Short Descriptions may be limited to a certain number of words or characters.

Main image

The image uploaded at "Main Image" dialog will be used as the main image for this content. It will be displayed in teaser lists and various other lists/tables. It will be positioned in the top left of the content body, and automatically resized to 200 by 200 pixel. If your content (node/page) uses only one image, it is advisable to use Main image upload menu. After upload add some desription text into the "title" field.

More images

Unlimited number of images can be uploaded to your page with "more images" option. Compared to 'main image' upload process there is one extra step involved as follows:

After uploading your image you then need to add it to your page body using a special syntax. You should place at the exact point in the text where you want the image to be shown.

Copy the following base syntax and paste into your editor box at the proper position in the text: 

[ img:1:size:alignment ]

And adjust as necessary, the following:
-- the value of 'img' should always remain 'img'
-- the value of the number depends on how many 'more images' you have uploaded, the first uses '1' the second '2', etc.
-- the value of 'size' has 4 options: thumb, small, medium, large (so replace 'size' with one of these words)
-- the value of 'alignment' has 4 options: none, left, center, right (so replace 'alignment' with one of these words)

You may need to play around a few times with the values and position of the syntax in the editor box to get the look you need. This is a normal procedure. Keep adjusting, saving, and re-editing till you find the look you want. Finally, remember to add some descriptive text into the "Title" field as this is helpful information to search engines and for general web standards compliance.

If you would like to put non-zoom image and make this image like a link you need to include "nozoom" keyword into syntax and follow the following steps:

select the code you want to link, i.e. [ img:1:size:alignment:nozoom ] > click on insert link button > put your link > click on Update button

Read more about using images

File attachments

Use this field to attach documents (not images) to your page. To select a file from your hard drive, click on 'choose file', browse to and highlight the file and then upload. You will see the file listed in the box. If you wish to keep the file attached visible below the content leave the box 'list' checked, finish your editing and save. 

If you wish to link the uploaded document from the text in the editor box go the following steps: (i) uncheck the 'list' box, (ii) finish editing and save, (iii) start editing the page again and scroll to file attachments, (iv) right-click on the file name and 'copy link' location/URL, (v) highlight the text you wish to link and hit the link button, (vi) paste in the copied link and hit insert. 

To add more documents, click the 'add another item' box below, and repeat the step as many times as you need.

References to other nodes

The power of Drupal is its ability to cross-reference information. We fully utilize this ability by providing fields (called Node reference) in which other pages can be easily referenced. Providing such references will automatically place links on the relevant webpages enabling a reader to easily navigate among between inter-connected pieces of content.

Here are some examples:

  • ProfilesCoursesProgramsProjects, etc. can reference units to which they belong (the field is called Unit or Affiliations).
  • Projects can reference Profiles (the fields are called Principal Researchers and Project Administrators);
  • Events can also reference Profiles (the field is called CEU Presenter).
  • Many CTs have a field called Attached Policies where you can cross-reference CEU Official Documents (special content type which supports the CEU registry of policies, guidelins, minutes of official bodies, etc.);
  • Similarly common is a field called Attached Publications where selected publications can be cross-linked to a node (e.g. reading materials to a course);
  • Almost all CTs have a field called See Also where you can reference most of the other content; this provides you with a freedom to link anything to anything, e.g. a Publication to a book launch Event or a Profile to a News item on an academic prize award to that person.

When you see a Node reference field it will either give you a choice to select from a list of options (e.g. a list of CEU Units) or allow you to type the title of the node you wish to reference. The latter option is used in the See also field and in other fields where the potential list of available nodes is too long to be scrolled through. When you start typing the system will try to guess what you are looking for and provide some hints in form of a drop-down list of options. For example, if you start typing "al" in profile reference field, the system will show you profiles of "Alex", "Allaine", "Borbala" etc.


The next important item in any CT is Menu settings. You may want some nodes (usually pages) to be linked through Menus. 

If a user has proper rights he can create a menu Item to be placed to proper Menu.

He can do it in 2 ways:

Option 1:  Create a page, then under Menu settings enter Menu link title and indicate the Parent menu.

Option 2: Create a page/node – Save it – copy node ID

Find block “edit Button” at Menu to be expanded (depends on Minisite theme configuration)

Then click "Add Item"

How do I use anchor links in Drupal?

You can link to a specific place or section on a page using anchor links. Inserting anchor links is similar to adding hyperlinks within your Drupal pages.

Read more